Ruby is an open source,
object-oriented programming language created by Yukihiro Matsumoto. Designed to provide a programming
language that focuses on syntax simplicity and productivity, the creation of
Ruby drew its inspiration from Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel,
Ada, and Lisp
The most popular web application framework written in Ruby is Ruby on Rails, or simply Rails. One of key Ruby’s advantages is RubyGems, the package manager that easily allows to create and share software libraries that extend Ruby.